Temple of Literature Hà Nội, Vietnam
Temple of Literature Văn Miếu Đống Đa, Hà Nội
In the Temple of Literature surrounded by high brick walls there is always peace, which is so difficult to experience in the hustle and bustle of Hanoi. Greenery of grass and numerous trees further enhances the impression of the enclave. You can spend many hours there and enjoy the silence. Văn Miếu, as Vietnamese call it, was founded in 1070 in homage to Confucius and his disciples. A few years later, the oldest Vietnamese university Quốc Tử Giám was created with the aim of educating the elite of that time. The university functioned for over 700 years, until 1779. First of all, literature, poetry and the principles of Confucianism were studied there. During several years of study at the university, students were required to pass numerous exams, and then the most talented of them could take the state examination, directly before the king. The Temple of Literature was designed in accordance with Chinese architectural principles. Its charm owes to the richly decorated gates, pagodas, or courtyards with ponds full of lotuses. Students can be met at any time at the temple. They believe that touching the head of a stone tortoise will bring them happiness while taking exams.